Typically, rabbits take one nap in the middle of the day, between noon and two. The rest of the time they are awake and active. This is due to their crepuscular nature – meaning they are most active at dawn and dusk when they can hunt for prey without being noticed by predators.
Wild rabbits sleep in burrows, tunnels, tall grass and other areas that can protect them. They also sleep with family members if they are comfortable doing so. They can also be seen asleep in their cages or rabbit houses. Unlike domestic rabbits, who are often kept in climate controlled homes and sleep on soft blankets or towels, they tend to sleep on the floor of their hutch, house, or rabbit tractor rather than on the bedding.
The European rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus), which is found remaining wild across Europe, is most commonly known to sleep in warrens. These are groups of underground tunnels and dens, and up to 20 rabbits may live in a single warren. This is what most people picture when they think of a rabbit sleeping, although pet rabbits do not usually sleep in hutches or bunny houses but on the ground in their cages or in their owners’ laps.
Most of the rabbit population in North America is comprised of cottontails, which do not burrow and sleep in nests instead. In urban and suburban areas, they often find shelter under piles of yard debris or other man-made structures. Occasionally, they will even burrow into the earth under a shed or porch to escape the winter elements. Rabbits are prey animals and their main threats are owls, hawks, coyotes, bobcats, cougars, cats, dogs, raccoons, and weasels. They can also die of hunger if they cannot find enough food. This is why it is important to provide them with adequate food and water at all times.