The ideal bedding material for quail is wood shavings as it is good at absorbing moisture. It also helps in regulating the bird’s temperature as it is an effective form of insulation. Other suitable materials include straw, paper shreds, rice husks or even newspaper. The bedding should be replaced once every week. Avoid using grass clippings or hay which can cause respiratory problems for young birds.
Gambel’s quail are diurnal birds and like to roost in the shade of desert shrubs at night. They are quick to fly in short bursts and can quickly fend off predators if they sense danger. They are usually found in groups of a few dozen and prefer to hide in a dense clump of plants or under bushes.
Quail are preyed on by a variety of predators so they need to remain vigilant at all times. They often sleep in groups to ensure that they can keep a lookout for predators around a 360-degree radius. The group members take turns sleeping and keeping watch so that one can alert the others of approaching threats.
It is important to provide quail with a warm, dry and calm environment for them to sleep in. They should be housed away from pets and should be well protected from cold weather and rain as this can stress them out. Add padding to the top of the cage so that if the quail become frightened and attempt to fly up they will not damage themselves.