If you are worried about vultures or buzzards sleeping in your garden then it is possible to discourage them by making it impossible for them to find roosting sites. This can be done by shaking the trees on which they are roosting before nightfall – they will soon look for a new place to sleep. This method is most effective for solitary birds but it can also be used to deter pairs. It is also a good idea to make sure that there is an open area for the bird to land and take off from – they prefer not to nest in small, enclosed spaces.
Generally, buzzards like semi-open country, meadows, fields and heaths that are bordered with woodland and riparian areas. They may also be seen in urban areas such as parks and cemetery yards. They are year-round residents over most of their range but those from the colder parts of Europe and Russia, and parts of North Africa and Asia, migrate to southern climes for winter.
The common buzzard is a voracious carnivore, feeding on reptiles, amphibians, small mammals and, when available, birds and even carrion. They can soar and glide for long distances, using thermal updrafts to cover ground faster than they could walk. They often hunt together, forming pairs that mate for life. Males attract mates by performing a spectacular ritual aerial display called ‘the roller coaster’, in which they fly high in the sky and then plunge down rapidly before launching themselves back up again.