Trees play important roles in our lives, like providing oxygen and enhancing our landscapes. They are also an interesting subject to learn more about.
A tree is made up of a series of parts, the main ones being the trunk and branches. Each part has a different role in the ecosystem and in keeping the tree healthy.
The tree’s trunk is the main structure that branches grow from and the area of the tree that supports foliage growth. It performs multiple functions to support the tree and its ecosystem, including storing water, transporting nutrients from the roots to the above ground portions of the tree, and distributing food produced by the leaves to other parts of the tree such as the roots.
The branches that develop from the trunk of the tree are called boughs and twigs and they have a variety of functions, ranging from supporting foliage growth to providing structural support for the tree. They vary in size and shape, but they all provide access to light for photosynthesis.
Leaves are flattened structures that are specialized for photosynthesis and they are green in color. They can have different shapes and sizes, varying in response to environmental factors such as climate.
The crown is the most visible and prominent portion of the tree where all the leaves, fruits, and branches live. It can be tall or wide depending on the species.