If you are a student of geography then you must be familiar with the concept of Hemisphere. Hemisphere is an imaginary division of the Earth into two equal parts called Northern and Southern hemispheres. The equator, Prime Meridian and International Dateline separate the hemispheres.
The Northern Hemisphere contains Canada, Mexico, the United States and most of Europe. It also contains one-third of South America and most of Africa. In the Eastern Hemisphere you will find India and most of Asia. The Southern Hemisphere contains Brazil, the world’s most populous country, and Argentina as well as many islands in the Indian and Pacific Ocean. It also contains Antarctica and a number of countries and territories in Australia and the South Pacific, including the world’s most southern point – the tip of South America’s Cape Horn.
It is important to know which hemisphere your country is located in so that you can understand the climate and culture of that region. The Northern Hemisphere is bounded by the Equator to the north and the prime meridian to the south. It contains the majority of the world’s population. It has warm summers and cold winters. The Western Hemisphere is bounded by latitudes between the Tropic of Cancer and the Arctic Circle to the north and by longitudes between the Prime Meridian and the antarctic circle to the south. It has cool summers and warm winters. The Southern Hemisphere is bounded by Antarctica and the Australis and Indian oceans to the south and by the Pacific ocean to the north.