How Many People Died in New York on 9 11?

March 14, 2024

On September 11, 2001, 19 terrorists hijacked two fuel-laden US commercial airliners and crashed them into One and Two World Trade Center towers. The buildings collapsed within two hours. It was the deadliest terrorist attack on American soil. More than 2,977 people died – including 343 FDNY firefighters, as well as firemen, police officers, office workers, Port Authority employees and other civilians. The victims also included 184 people at the Pentagon in Washington, D.C., and 40 aboard Flight 93, which crash-landed in a field near Shanksville, Pennsylvania.

Thousands of others were exposed to the smoke, dust and debris at the site, which was soon covered in a toxic layer of black soot and burned debris that caused countless injuries and illnesses. They were first responders, construction crew members and survivors who had to work around the sites, live in the area or return there after the attacks. Many of them suffered from PTSD and other psychological problems. They grew sick from breathing in the contaminants, and struggled with physical, mental and emotional stress.

22 years later, many of them continue to die. Last week, the FDNY announced that another firefighter had succumbed to Ground Zero-related illness: EMT Hilda Vannata died on Sept. 20 of pulmonary fibrosis, just like 343 other department members who have died from WTC-related illnesses in the two decades since the attacks.

The exact number of WTC victims is still not known, because around 40% of the victims have yet to be positively identified through DNA testing or other means. The NYC Office of the Chief Medical Examiner (OCME) says that as of the end of 2021, it had identified a total of 1,106 victims, including insurance broker Dorothy Morgan and a man who was identified by his family.

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